Señor : el capitan Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, con este son ocho los memoriales que a V.M. he presentado en razon de las poblacion q se deue hazer en las tierras que V.M. mandò que descubriesse en la parte Austral incognita ...
Dixson Library copy: Supervised access only by appointment through Manager Access & Information.
Text begins with: "Señor. El capitan Pedro Fernandez de Quiros, con este son ocho los memoriales que a V. M. he presentado en razon de las poblacion q se deue hazer en las tierras que V. M. mandò que descubriesse en la parte Austral incognita ..."
Text ends with: ... Señor grande obra es esta pues el Demonio le haze tan mortal guerra, y no es bien que pue da tanto siendo V[uestra] M[agestad] el defensor della."
First printed edition of the key Eighth memorial - the eighth Memorial to have been prepared, and consequently ever since known as the "Eighth", this was in fact the fifth Memorial to be printed.
Dunn, D. M. Quiros memorials: a catalogue of memorials by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros 1607-1615 in the Dixson and Mitchell Libraries, Sydney (1961), p.16.
Kelly, Celsus. Calendar of documents : Spanish voyages in the South Pacific ... (1965), p. 49, p. 237 (item 573).
Fifth in the series of fourteen known Quirós Presentation memorials. Quirós wrote about fifty memorials addressed to the King Philip III of Spain describing the wonders of the lands he had discovered and requesting Royal support to organize a new expedition to the Southern hemisphere. The majority of them were manuscripts, but fourteen were printed between 1607 and 1614 at Quirós' expense for presentation at the Council of the Indies. Circulation of all memorials was restricted to the King, ministers and Councils of State, of War and the Indies. When it was learnt in 1610 he was distributing them beyond the court the King ordered all memorials to be recalled. It could be this edition that was "leaked" and printed unofficially elsewhere in Spain, and subsequently translated and published in numerous editions overseas, abridged and anthologised. These so-called "presentation memorials" - to be distinguished from later derivative printings which appeared throughout Europe - are among the most valuable of all printed Australiana.
Online images available via the State Library of NSW at: http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/album/albumView.aspx?itemID=1005528&acmsid=0 ; Digital order number a6309.
Online images available via the National Library of Australia at: http://nla.gov.au/nla.aus-vn5350571
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, (Spanish: Pedro Fernández de Quirós, (1563-1615)), was a Portuguese navigator best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean. In 1595 he sailed as chief pilot with Mandana's expedition to colonize the Solomon Islands. When Mandana died in Santa Cruz, Quirós brought the fleet through great difficulties to the Philippines. In December 1605, he sailed from Callao, Peru, in command of an expedition to discover the Terra Australis Incognita, the great southern continent thought to exist in the South Pacific Ocean. In May 1606, after finding part of the Tuamotu Archipelago, the northern Cook Islands and Tikopia, the expedition reached the islands later called the New Hebrides. Quirós landed on a large island which he mistook to be the southern continent, and named it Australia del Espiritu Santo (later altered to Austrialia del Espiritu Santo). Here the fleet broke up in unexplained circumstances, Quirós returning to Peru in one ship, and the two others, piloted by Luis Vaez de Torres, resuming the intended voyage to Manila via the Moluccas. Torres successfully reached Manila in May 1607, charting the southern coastline of New Guinea sailing through the strait that now bears his name. Quirós returned to Spain in 1607 and spent the next seven years vainly petitioning Philip III to send him on another expedition.
Dixson Library copy: The memorial consists of 2 leaves (4 pages) of printed text foliated 1-2. The first page has a decorated initial letter 'E'. Both leaves are untrimmed and show deckled edges. The letters "B+S" are written at bottom of the recto of both leaves. The paper is cream, medium weight, handmade laid, watermarked on 2nd leaf, centre (only visible under strong transmitted light). Dated 1610 on spine. Page from B. Quaritch's catalogue no. 671, 1949, tipped inside front cover. This gives imprint Seville? c1610. Quiros reached Madrid in 1607 and began his petitions immediately. In paragraph 1 he states he has been fourteen months at the court, making the date of presentation early 1609.
Dixson Library copy: Full bound in green morocco with gilt lettering and tooling. The binding is not contemporary with the item and is much newer. Extra blank pages (5 leaves at the front and 9 leaves at the back, including fly leaves) have been added to the original memorial pamphlet (which consists of only 2 leaves) in order to add bulk to the text block. These pages are slightly larger than the memorial. On the front and back covers is a border of a single gold line. On the inside of the cover, on the turn in is an ornate border. A bookbinder's identification "Bound by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, London" in small font is stamped inside front cover (within the ornate border), bottom centre of turn in. There are two raised bands on the spine at the head and the tail. The raised bands have a gilded broken line stamped on them and a single gold line on either side of the band. Title and call number have been gold lettered onto spine. Endleaves and preliminary (extra) end pages are of the same paper. The paper is cream, medium-to-heavy weight, laid, watermarked. The pages have been trimmed and all of the watermarks are only partial. There is a sheet of printed text, Sir William Dixson bookplate, and a gummed library sticker (annotated in graphite) adhered to inside of front cover on the pastedown. Sewn endbands in blue and yellow.