Text begins with: "Señor. El Capitan Pedro Fernandez de Quiros. La parte incognita Austral es justamente quarta del Globo, sin saberse si es tierra, o si es agua, o que partes tiene de las dos ..."
Text ends with: "... que en ella pueden merecer, y tener parte, juntamente la mia".
Decorated initial letter 'E'.
Dunn, F. M. Quiros memorials: a catalogue of memorials by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros 1607-1615 in the Dixson and Mitchell Libraries, Sydney (1961), p.47.
Kelly, Celsus. Calendar of documents : Spanish voyages in the South Pacific ... (1965), p. 292, (item 711)
Twelfth in the series of fourteen known Quiros' presentation memorials. Quirós wrote about fifty memorials addressed to the King Philip III of Spain describing the wonders of the lands he had discovered and requesting Royal support to organize a new expedition to the Southern hemisphere. The majority of them were manuscripts, but fourteen were printed between 1607 and 1614 at Quirós' expense for presentation at the Council of the Indies. These so-called "presentation memorials" - to be distinguished from later derivative printings which appeared throughout Europe after the leaking of one of the original Memorials - are among the most valuable of all printed Australiana. According to Kelly in this twelfth presentation memorial Quirós states "that the year which his Majesty ordered him to postpone his pretensions and projects and to await his pleasure had now passed. It deals with the extent of his discoveries in the Austral region, his proposals for a settlement there, the arms and ammunition required, the hope of founding a city which would require artists and skilled labourers, the building of small ships for further exploration, the mining of gold and silver, the spiritual and temporal benefits to be gained, the missionary friars who had volunteered, and the strategic value of communications between the Austral Lands and the Philippines, Peru, and New Spain".
Online images available via the State Library of NSW at: http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/album/albumView.aspx?itemID=1012671&acmsid=0 ; Digital order number a6316.
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, (Spanish: Pedro Fernández de Quirós, (1563-1615)), was a Portuguese navigator best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean. In 1595 he sailed as chief pilot with Mandana's expedition to colonize the Solomon Islands. When Mandana died in Santa Cruz, Quirós brought the fleet through great difficulties to the Philippines. In December 1605, he sailed from Callao, Peru, in command of an expedition to discover the Terra Australis Incognita, the great southern continent thought to exist in the South Pacific Ocean. In May 1606, after finding part of the Tuamotu Archipelago, the northern Cook Islands and Tikopia, the expedition reached the islands later called the New Hebrides. Quirós landed on a large island which he mistook to be the southern continent, and named it Australia del Espiritu Santo (later altered to Austrialia del Espiritu Santo). Here the fleet broke up in unexplained circumstances, Quirós returning to Peru in one ship, and the two others, piloted by Luis Vaez de Torres, resuming the intended voyage to Manila via the Moluccas. Torres successfully reached Manila in May 1607, charting the southern coastline of New Guinea sailing through the strait that now bears his name. Quirós returned to Spain in 1607 and spent the next seven years vainly petitioning Philip III to send him on another expedition.
This title was unkown until 1922 and is believed to be the only copy of this particular memorial.
Mitchell Library copy: Consists of 4 numbered leaves (8 pages) of printed text foliated 2, 3, 2. The first page has a decorated initial letter 'E'. All leaves have been trimmed unevenly. The paper is cream, light/medium weight, handmade laid, watermarked on 3rd and 4th leaves, centre (the watermarks are quite faint and only visible under strong transmitted light). There is a handwritten inscription in Spanish on the last page of the memorial.
Mitchell Library copy: Full bound in vellum, the cover is free of any embellishments such as gilt lettering or tooling. The binding appears newer than the memorial. There is a graphite inscription on the front pastedown consisting of the numerals '571' and the text 'Unknown memorial of Quiros [Madrid 1613]. No other copy is believed to exist'. On the rear pastedown there is an illegible graphite inscription and a gummed library sticker annotated with the call number in black ink (adhered top centre). A pencil number (bibliographic code?) inscribed on rear fly, top LHS.
Mitchell Library copy: Has miscellaneous materials enclosed with the item: a handwritten translation of the manuscript inscription at the end of the text on wove cream paper with 'navy line' watermark ; typewritten translation of the manuscript inscription at the end of the text on heavy wove paper, clipped at corners ; handwritten notation on a slip of thin wove cream paper ; 2 typewritten notations on slips of thick wove cream paper; one has had the corners clipped.