Headnote begins with: "Señor. Pedro Fernandez Quiros digo: Que para descubrir la parte incognita del Sur ...".
Text begins with: "La Svstancia de todo el descubrimiento que hize ..." (starting with a decorated initial letter "L").
Text ends with : "... y sabe padecer, sufrir, porfiar, y tanto esperar justicia".
Kelly, Celsus. Calendar of documents : Spanish voyages in the South Pacific ... (1965), p. 227-228 (item 554)
Not listed in: Dunn, F. M. (1961). Quiros memorials: a catalogue of memorials by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros 1607-1615 in the Dixson and Mitchell Libraries, Sydney
Second in the series of fourteen known Quirós' presentation memorials. It describes his 1605-1606 expedition in search of Terra Australis, gives a short description of his discoveries and sets forth requirements to form a settlement in the new land. Quirós wrote about fifty memorials addressed to the King Philip III of Spain describing the wonders of the lands he had discovered and requesting Royal support to organize a new expedition to the Southern hemisphere. The majority of them were manuscripts, but fourteen were printed between 1607 and 1614 at Quirós' expense for presentation at the Council of the Indies. Circulation of all memorials was restricted to the King, ministers and Councils of State, of War and the Indies. When it was learnt in 1610 he was distributing them beyond the court, the King ordered all memorials to be recalled. The Eighth Memorial 'escaped' the Spanish borders and was translated into various languages. These so-called "presentation memorials" - to be distinguished from later derivative printings which appeared throughout Europe - are among the most valuable of all printed Australiana.
Online images available via the State Library of NSW at: http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/album/albumView.aspx?itemID=1008779&acmsid=0 ; Digital order number a6306.
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, (Spanish: Pedro Fernández de Quirós, (1563-1615)), was a Portuguese navigator best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean. In 1595 he sailed as chief pilot with Mandana's expedition to colonize the Solomon Islands. When Mandana died in Santa Cruz, Quirós brought the fleet through great difficulties to the Philippines. In December 1605, he sailed from Callao, Peru, in command of an expedition to discover the Terra Australis Incognita, the great southern continent thought to exist in the South Pacific Ocean. In May 1606, after finding part of the Tuamotu Archipelago, the northern Cook Islands and Tikopia, the expedition reached the islands later called the New Hebrides. Quirós landed on a large island which he mistook to be the southern continent, and named it Australia del Espiritu Santo (later altered to Austrialia del Espiritu Santo). Here the fleet broke up in unexplained circumstances, Quirós returning to Peru in one ship, and the two others, piloted by Luis Vaez de Torres, resuming the intended voyage to Manila via the Moluccas. Torres successfully reached Manila in May 1607, charting the southern coastline of New Guinea sailing through the strait that now bears his name. Quirós returned to Spain in 1607 and spent the next seven years vainly petitioning Philip III to send him on another expedition.
Mitchell Library copy: The memorial consists of 4 leaves (8 pages) - hand numbered in black ink - of printed text foliated 160, 161, 162, and 163 in the top RH corner of the recto of each leaf. The text is also numbered in print 1-4 in the top RH corner of the recto of each leaf, underneath the handwritten numbers. In addition there is a handwritten numeral "22" in bottom RH corner of the title page. There is a pencil notation in the bottom of the gutter of the first page with "ML 2.3.62". The first page has a decorated initial letter 'L'. All leaves have been trimmed unevenly. The paper is cream, light/medium weight, handmade laid, Watermarked on in centre of 2nd and last leaves with a cross within a heart. The watermarks are quite faint and are only visible under strong transmitted light. There is a handwritten inscription in Spanish on the last page of the memorial. There are also ink smudges and spills, and some text that appears to have been deliberately erased (by smudging), by the original writer.
Mitchell Library copy: Full bound in dark brown calf, the cover is richly embellished with gilt and blind tooling. The spine is gold lettered and tooled with double lines to create a 5 panel configuration. There are blind tooled floral emblems in each of the unlettered panels. There is gilt tooling on the turn-ins on the inside of the cover. The binding appears newer than the memorial. The endpapers consist of one flyleaf and one pastedown. The endleaves are of a laid medium weight paper which has been marbled in green, cream and brown Cockerell whirl pattern design (20th century). There are additional blank leaves added to the front (3) and rear (7) of the textblock. This paper is cream, medium weight, laid, without watermarks. These pages are all bound in against the grain. There is a graphite inscription on the blank side of the rear pastedown, consisting of the accession number and the call number. The volume has hand sewn endbands in red, gold and green. The memorial is sewn through the centre of the section, onto cords or laces as slight raised areas can be felt under the pastedown. Due to the tightness of the binding, the exact sewing method cannot be ascertained. Volume housed in a slipcase covered in brown marbled paper. There is label with a call number written in black ink adhered to one side.