Dated by Kelly as printed in Jan. 1613 (endorsement).
Text begins with: "Señor. Capitan Pedro Fernandez de Quiros. V. Wagestad me mandò despachar dos vezes, la sequnda a mi satisfacion, juntamente esperar un año y son passados casi dos ..."
Text ends with: "... que puedo hazar a esta empresa, es muerte en ella o por ella"
Title from beginning text.
Decorated initial letter 'C'.
Dunn, F. M. Quiros memorials: a catalogue of memorials by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros 1607-1615 in the Dixson and Mitchell Libraries, Sydney (1961), p.47.
Kelly, Celsus. Calendar of documents : Spanish voyages in the South Pacific ... (1965), p. 299, (item 732).
Thirteenth in the series of fourteen known Quirós' presentation memorials. Quirós wrote about fifty memorials addressed to the King Philip III of Spain describing the wonders of the lands he had discovered and requesting Royal support to organize a new expedition to the Southern hemisphere. The majority of them were manuscripts, but fourteen were printed between 1607 and 1614 at Quirós' expense for presentation at the Council of the Indies. These so-called "presentation memorials" - to be distinguished from later derivative printings which appeared throughout Europe after the leaking of one of the original Memorials - are among the most valuable of all printed Australiana. According to Kelly this thirteenth presentation memorial Quirós reminds "the king that he has twice ordered his dispatch - the second time to his satisfaction, on the understanding that he would leave the matter in abeyance for a year, but now two years had gone by. He had already spent 18 years in an endeavour to bring the Christian faith to the natives and had now spent 72 months at Court to secure an acceptable dispatch. He points out again the greatness of his discovery and urges that the justice of his claims be recognised - in this cause he has already navigated 20,000 leagues. He also proposes various possible ways by which the expedition could be financed."
Online images available via the State Library of NSW at: http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/album/albumView.aspx?itemID=1008778&acmsid=0 ; Digital order number a6317.
Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, (Spanish: Pedro Fernández de Quirós, (1563-1615)), was a Portuguese navigator best known for his involvement with Spanish voyages of discovery in the Pacific Ocean. In 1595 he sailed as chief pilot with Mandana's expedition to colonize the Solomon Islands. When Mandana died in Santa Cruz, Quirós brought the fleet through great difficulties to the Philippines. In December 1605, he sailed from Callao, Peru, in command of an expedition to discover the Terra Australis Incognita, the great southern continent thought to exist in the South Pacific Ocean. In May 1606, after finding part of the Tuamotu Archipelago, the northern Cook Islands and Tikopia, the expedition reached the islands later called the New Hebrides. Quirós landed on a large island which he mistook to be the southern continent, and named it Australia del Espiritu Santo (later altered to Austrialia del Espiritu Santo). Here the fleet broke up in unexplained circumstances, Quirós returning to Peru in one ship, and the two others, piloted by Luis Vaez de Torres, resuming the intended voyage to Manila via the Moluccas. Torres successfully reached Manila in May 1607, charting the southern coastline of New Guinea sailing through the strait that now bears his name. Quirós returned to Spain in 1607 and spent the next seven years vainly petitioning Philip III to send him on another expedition.
Dixson Library copy: Consists of 2 leaves (4 pages, unfoliated) of printed text. There are extra blank pages (2 leaves at the back), and endpapers (pastedowns and 2 fly leaves). The edges of the textblock have been trimmed and gilded. The first page has a decorated initial letter 'C'. Both leaves are trimmed and are gilded on the edges. The paper is cream, medium weight, handmade laid. The pages have been trimmed and the watermarks are only partial. There is a watermark in the centre of the 2nd leaf with similar heart-shaped design of the other Memorials (only visible under strong transmitted light). Watermark, cut in half on first fly appears to read 'Ingres'. Watermark on on last fly last blank page, also partially cut off, shows the initials 'AL' inside circular motif.
Dixson Library copy: Full bound in green morocco with gilt lettering and tooling and 5 raised bands on the spine. The binding is not contemporary with the item and is much newer. Gold lettering of the title and 'Madrid January 1613' is stamped on the front cover. Four radiating gold lines are on the endcaps. The spine is lettered with the call number, title and date. There is a single gold line running along the head, tail and foredge of the cover board edges. On the inside of the cover - on the turn in - is a decoration consisting of two single gold lines. A bookbinder's identification 'Bound by Riviere & son London' in small font is stamped inside front cover (within the gilded border), bottom centre of turn in. There is a Sir William Dixson bookplate, and a gummed library sticker (annotated in black ink) adhered to inside of front cover on the pastedown. There are pencil annotations on the front and rear pastedowns. The endpapers and fly leaves have been positioned against the grain.